We already looked at a comparison of the Russian Security Service’s counterpart of the National Security Cutter with the Coast Guard version. Thought some of you might be interested to see what their version of a Fast Response Cutter looks like.
The first of the class Svetlyak class were delivered in 1988 and they are still in production. The little ships comes in three versions. The most numerous is a patrol version for the Security Service (Project 10410–photo), there is a cruise missile equipped version for the Navy (Project 10411), and an export version (Project 10412) apparently with MTU engines in lieu of the Russian diesels. The Russians have 26 of these, the Slovenians one lightly armed version (more here), and the Vietnamese have two with at least two, possibly four, more on order, armed like the Russian Security Service vessels.
The Russian design is slightly larger (375 tons vice 353), slightly faster (30 vs 28), and slightly longer (163 ft vs 154). They have three engines and three shafts instead of two and about 88% more power. They also have a bit larger crew with accommodations for 28 (vs 22-24). Again the USCG vessel has the advantage in range (2,500 nmi vs 2,200–some sources say as little as 1,300).
The Russian shows how much armament can be carried on this size vessel. The Missile boat version carries eight SS-N-25, the Russian equivalent of the Harpoon anti-ship missile, but I’ll talk about the patrol version assigned to the security service instead.
Apparently they take the “homeland security” part of their job very seriously. Armament includes a 76 mm gun forward, a six barrel 30 mm Gatling gun aft, two 14.5 mm (0.57 caliber) heavy machine guns, up to 16 rounds of the Russian equivalent of the “Stinger” short range anti-aircraft missile launched from two pedestal launcher, Chaff launchers, two 400 mm launch tubes for light weight torpedoes which are generally reported to be usable against both submarines and surface ships, depth charges, and two seven barrel anti-swimmer grenade launchers with a range of up to about 500 meters.
Electronics include radar firecontrol, ESM, IFF, and both hull mounted and dipping sonars including a dedicated sonar for the swimmer defense system.
Aside from the typical anti-surface and anti-submarine naval missions, the class is very well equipped for two homeland security missions I think the Coast Guard should relate to.
- With torpedoes, 76 mm and 30 mm guns, it is better equipped to stop a “maritime suicide truck bomb” terrorist attack than even the NSC. (Background here and here)
- The array of equipment the Russians have for the anti-swimmer/force protection mission, including but not limited to those mounted on this vessel, is impressive.
Clearly their priorities are different. I doubt they need to worry nearly as much about rescuing the weekend boater.