“MASTERING EXPEDITIONARY IUU FISHERIES ENFORCEMENT IN THE BAHAMAS” –CIMSEC

HMBS Nassau (P-61). Taken by Erick Perez on 5/26/2007. From Wikipedia commons.

SIMSEC brings us a suggestion from a pair of Coast Guard officers that,

“… in order to achieve the Commandant’s vision for becoming the partner of choice, the Coast Guard only need look 50 miles east of Florida to the Bahamas. The Bahamas is an archipelagic nation beleaguered by competing fisheries claims, including some coming from U.S. commercial and recreational fishermen. It presents a ready-made test bed for partner building and enforcing fisheries violations without the tyranny of distance. It has the further benefit of strengthening partnerships with the nation that enjoys the closest maritime boundary to the United States outside of Mexico and Canada, and where Chinese economic influence is finding a foothold. It is an environment where small U.S. Coast Guard cutters or “patrol boats” are uniquely suited to sustained law enforcement operations in shallow littorals.”

While I find the proposal interesting, there are some issues that need to be considered.

First, unlike the island nations of the Western Pacific that are bound to US by the Compact of Free Association, we have no treaty obligations to the Bahamas and currently no enforcement authority in their waters.

Second, as a member of the Commonwealth Caribbean, I am sure the Bahamian Defense Force already has an on-going relationship with the Royal Navy. We would want to complement rather than replace that.

Third, our objective should be to strengthen Bahamian capability not, replace it. The Bahamian EEZ is 5.6% the size of that of the US. The Royal Bahamian Defense Force (RBDF) is essentially their Coast Guard. They have no army or air force. The RBDF reportedly has 1,600 members so it is about 3.6% the size of the active duty USCG. It is the largest navy in the Commonwealth Caribbean. The have ten patrol vessels:

The oldest and largest, HMBS Bahamas (P-60) and HMBS Nassau (P-61) (pictured above) were delivered in 1999. they are American made, 60.4 m (198 ft) in length, and capable of 24 knots. They are also equipped with a 25mm gun, four .50 caliber machine guns and a pair of RHIBs.

HMBS Rolly Gray (P424) a Damen Stan Patrol 4207

They have four of the very widely used Damen Stan Patrol 4207 (pictured above), used by 13 different coast guards and navies including the Canadian Coast Guard, Mexican Navy, and the UK Border Force. These are little sisters to the Webber class FRCs which are derived from the Damen Stan Patrol 4708 design. The 4207s are 42.8 m (140.4 ft) in length and are typically capable of about 26 knots.

HMBS Lignum Vitae (P 301) a Damen Stan Patrol 3007

They also have four Stan Patrol 3007 patrol boats that were delivered beginning in 2015. They are 30.93 meters (101’5″) in length, have a speed of at least 24 knots, and have a stern ramp for an RHIB.

In addition to three manned aircraft of three different types, two twin engine and one single engine, the RBDF has a fleet of 55 short and medium range UAS provided by the American firm Swift Tactical Systems.

There is certainly a lot we can do for them in terms of information sharing, training and joint exercises. Looks like they have a good basis for an effective force and the Coast Guard could benefit from a strong relationship with them. I gather we already have a good relationship with RBDF.

7 thoughts on ““MASTERING EXPEDITIONARY IUU FISHERIES ENFORCEMENT IN THE BAHAMAS” –CIMSEC

  1. That HMBS Nassau looks like a good design base for Cutter-X. Would need to make sure systems are compatible with low manning and CG/USN supply systems, but size, capabilities, and function all seem about right, don’t they Chuck?

    • What struck me about the design is that it hits a more 50/50 compromise between “ship” and “patrol boat” with the overall design of hull and superstructure being ship-like, and flying bridge and large deck-space being very patrolboat-ish.

      I think it needs to be a bit bigger, around 240’, but by the time we get to something like L’Adroit, we’re nearly at OPC size. I see Cutter-X as splitting the 154’/328’ difference more evenly. There’s going to be a large gulf in size of the new CG fleet between 154’ and 328’ after all.

      I also like the inclusion of a medical suite in these vessels.

      Increasing their size from 198’ to ~240’ would allow some design changes to the quarter deck to accommodate larger RHIBs and a UAS area between the superstructure and stern-launch area.

      Finally, having been built in the USA means a US shipyard (VT Halter) has proven capabilities with the design.

      • Actually, L’Adroit is much smaller than the OPC. You are looking at length, but displacement is the true measure of ship size.
        The FRC is 353 tons and the OPC is about 4500 tons (full load in both cases) to split the difference evenly we would be looking at a bit over 2400 tons. If we just wanted something half the size of an OPC we would be looking at 2250 tons. ARA Bouchard (the former FS L’ Adroit) is only 1450 tons. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ARA_Bouchard_(P-51) It is one third the size of the OPC.

  2. Pingback: “Royal Bahamas Defence Force makes huge surge in migrant apprehensions” –The Watch | Chuck Hill's CG Blog

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