From a previous patrol. The Coast Guard Cutter Oliver Berry conducts a patrol in and around American Samoa, covering 8,169 nautical miles. The crew sought to combat illegal, unregulated, and unreported fishing and other maritime threats across the Pacific to protect the United States and our partner’s resource security and sovereignty. (U.S. Coast Guard photo courtesy of the CGC Juniper)
The U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Oliver Berry returned home to Honolulu this week in time for holiday festivities following a 38-day expeditionary fishery patrol in the South Pacific.
The Oliver Berry’s crew conducted 12 fisheries boardings, identified 16 fishery and safety violations and completed 18 community relation events while sailing from Honolulu to Kiribati, Samoa, the kingdom of Tonga and American Samoa during the 7,000-nautical-mile patrol before returning to its homeport on Tuesday, according to a news release.
These extraordinary voyages by these little ships are becoming routine. Also an indication of how difficult it is to prosecute IUU.
Coast Guard Information Systems Technicians inside a server room at the Telecommunication and Information Systems Command (TISCOM) Jan. 24, 2013. U.S. COAST GUARD / Petty Officer 2nd Class Etta Smith
The Navy League’s on-line magazine, Seapower, reports,
The Coast Guard is creating three reserve entities to strengthen its cyber capabilities, the service’s headquarters announced in an internal message.
The Drive reports on a test of a new warhead for the “Advanced Precision Kill Weapon System” (APKWS)
The Advanced Precision Kill Weapon System, or APKWS, laser guidance kit designed by BAE Systems has been tested in a surface-to-surface role with a new highly versatile, multi-purpose warhead that is capable of taking on armor and other targets. The new warhead is provided by General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical Systems. The test demonstrated added flexibility for not only the APKWS itself, which is most often employed in air-to-ground applications against more lightly armored targets, but also for all platforms that are capable of firing APKWS rockets.
A screenshot from the General Dynamics video showing the launcher configuration used during the test. Credit: General Dynamics
The test also demonstrated a new launcher.
The report was quite complete, providing background and an update on the entire program.
If you have been reading this blog regularly, you know I think APKWS would be a good fit for the Coast Guard as a precision weapon that would be highly effective against small, fast, highly manueverable threats while minimizing the possibility of collateral damage. Its relatively new proximity fuse also makes it effective against Unmanned Air Vehicles which appear to be an emerging threat. APKWS might even be effective against small ships if used in quantity.
For larger threats Hellfire or its replacement, JAGM, would be a better choice, but because this is so much cheaper and available in larger quatities, it appears much more likely. APKWS would probably be a better choice for PATFORSWA where the threat includes large numbers of small craft and UAVs.
We may have seen the video below, but it does suggest that the system is suitable for the 85 foot Navy MkVI patrol boat, so its certainly suitable for cutters of similar size and larger.
Below is a post from MyCG. Above is a recitation of “Coast Guard Cutter Waesche’s Dance with Fire” by the author, Chief Petty Officer Melissa Mathis.
One author spoke of combating a shipboard blaze. Another reflected on standing watch.
Yet both winners of 2022 Eight Bells writer awards succeeded in capturing the teamwork and camaraderie that makes it special to be a cutterman.
Chief Petty Officer Melissa Mathis won the Eight Bells poem competition for “Coast Guard Cutter Waesche’s Dance with Fire”. Mathis, based in Alameda, California, was in the combat information center (CIC) when a fire broke out on board Waesche in September 2020. Her poem describes the feelings and experiences of crew members as they worked to control the damage and put out the blaze.
Chief Warrant Officer John O’Brien won the Eight Bells essay competition for “Four to Greats!”. O’Brien works as the main propulsion assistant aboard the Coast Guard Cutter Bertholf, also based out of Alameda. His essay took readers with him to stand underway watch in the engine room, conveying the excitement of a new day at sea.
Eight Bells – A Sea Service Celebration, has been held annually since 2017 to recognize and remember the hard work done by all who serve on cutters. This includes cuttermen, cuttermen-to-be, and those who work ashore to support cutters.
The ringing of eight bells signals the end of a watch. It is one of the traditions and routines that have bonded the afloat community together for 232 years.
This year’s celebration took place on Oct. 18. Members submitted 15 poems and essays from across the Coast Guard. A panel that included members from the Office of Cutter Forces, the Douglas Munro chapter of the Surface Navy Association board, and other esteemed cuttermen, judged the entries. The winning entries are posted on the CG-751 Portal page. (CAC required).
- Winner of the 2022 Eight Bells – A Sea Service Celebration ALCOAST 434/22
- Eight Bells – A Seas Service Celebration on 18 October 2022 ALCOAST 348/22
In the News:
Ding Ding, We Have a Winner – Eight Bells: A Celebration of Sea Service
The 40PB shows its speed in this photo and is armed with a .50cal M2 heavy machine gun at the bow, 7.62mm miniguns and acoustic devices amidships, and a M240B at the stern. The radar, electro-optical camera, and FLIR are visible on the short mast above the cabin. Metal Shark photo.
The US Naval Institute News Service reports,
The United States will send 40 armored riverine boats to Ukraine as part of the latest assistance package.
The riverine boats are part of a $400 million aid package announced Friday. It’s the second time the U.S. is sending riverine boats to Ukraine as part of ongoing assistance in response to the Russian invasion.
The type of boat was not identified. The last boats the US sent to Ukraine were 44 foot patrol boats built by Metal Shark. They are not armored but they can have armor panels installed.
The Coast Guard Cutter Oliver Berry conducts a patrol in and around American Samoa, covering 8,169 nautical miles. The crew sought to combat illegal, unregulated, and unreported fishing and other maritime threats across the Pacific to protect the United States and our partner’s resource security and sovereignty. (U.S. Coast Guard photo courtesy of the CGC Juniper)
Forbes reports on what might be an unexpected problem for the Coast Guard, a shortage of cooks to fill afloat billets. Consequently, there are now high bonuses for those who are qualified and want to cook for the Coast Guard.
Anyone who has spent any time afloat knows how important the cooks are to a ship’s morale.
The article reminds us that contracting out food preparation for shore units adversely affects coastie cooks sea/shore ratio and drive people out of the service.
There is also a bit of insight into what is necessary to allow Webber class WPCs to make those long Pacific deployments.
The FV Scandies Rose arriving in Kodiak, Alaska, in an undated photo. The fishing vessel sank off Alaska’s Sutwik Island in 2019, with the loss of five of seven crew members. Source: Gerry Cobban Knagin via NTSB
The GAO report concluded that the while the Coast Guard does make efforts to promote commercial fishing vessel safety, including through conducting dockside exams, engaging with industry, and collaborating with other federal agencies, it has yet to fully implement 17 of 22 statutory requirements enacted over the 10-year timeframe.
Plus there is a lot more.
I have made a point of trying to illustrate how hard it is to sink a ship, even a small ship, with gunfire. My most popular post, “What Does It Take to Sink a Ship?,” takes a statistical look at the USN WWII combat losses, and I have published other posts that have looked at this question.
This was to show how inadequate the armament of Coast Guard cutters is, if they are ever called upon to forcibly stop a mediium or large vessel with a determined crew.
What we have, in the video above, is an illustration of the damage that was done to a very tough, but relatively small US Navy destroyer, with a determined crew, that fought agressively against Japanese destroyers, cruisers, and battleships including the Yamato with its 18″ guns which hit the little ship three times.
In this battle, despite very long odds, actually more than half of the small ships survived. Of the six escort carriers (CVEs), three destroyers (DDs), and four destroyer escorts (DEs), five CVEs, one DD, and three DEs survived the assault by four battleships, six heavy cruisers, two light cruisers, and eleven destroyers.
For comparison, Fletcher class destroyers like USS Johnston typically had a full load displacement of 2,924 tons, less than two thirds the size of the NSCs and OPCs or about 50% larger than a 270.
Coast Guard Air Station Astoria
District 13 is getting a new base in Warrenton, Oregon, on the NorthWest corner of Oregon. Warrenton is also the location of CG Air Station Astoria. A couple of WMECs are (or at least have been) based there. It has been reported at least two Webber class WPCs will be based there in 2024. I suspect, ultimatedly, it will be at least three. Presumably the 210s will leave when the first two OPCs are stationed in Long Beach.
U.S. Coast Guard 13th District PA Detachment Astori
Coast Guard establishes new unit in Warrenton, OR
Editors’ Note: Click on images to download high resolution version.
ASTORIA, Ore. – The Coast Guard held an establishment ceremony Wednesday in Warrenton to formally establish Coast Guard Base Astoria.
During the ceremony, Cmdr. Todd Wimmer assumed command of the new unit.
Rear Adm. Jon Hickey, the Director of Operational Logistics, presided over the ceremony.
Wimmer previously served as Chief of Facilities at Coast Guard Training Center Petaluma, California, from 2019-2022.
Base Astoria is located in Warrenton and will provide operational logistics support for Coast Guard units across the Thirteenth Coast Guard District’s Oregon and southern Washington regions.
Below is video coverage of the EURONAVAL 2022 trade show, done by Naval News. Below each video is text that accomanied the video on its Youtube page. The highlight for me, was the new 95 meter (312 foot) S. Korean Hundai OPV design, six of which are to be built for the Philippine Navy, discussed in the fourth video.
- 01:09 – Interview with Admiral Vandier, Chief of Staff of the French Navy
- 02:48 – PANG next generation aircraft carrier
- 05:25 – OCEA OSV 315 seabed warfare vessel
- 06:59 – BAE Systems Adaptable Strike Frigate
- 10:00 – BAE Systems XLUUV
- 10:36 – EPC European Patrol Corvette
- – Nexter new Narwhal RWS fitted with 2 Akeron MP missiles
- – BAE Systems Kingfisher Stand Off ASW shell
- – MBDA Exocet MM40 Block 3c and Teseo Mk 2/E
- – Lacroix new SEAMOSC decoy launcher
- – Rohde & Schwarz new electronic warfare mast
- – Thales CAPTAS-4 VDS for the U.S. Navy Constellation-class Frigate
- 01:04 – General Atomcis’ EMALS and AAG for France’s future aircraft carrier (PANG)
- 03:18 – General Atomics MQ-9B SeaGuardian for the French Navy’s AVSIMAR Phase 2 MALE UAV requirement
- 06:54 – Schiebel’s new S-300 CAMCOPTER VTOL UAV
- 07:24 – TKMS MEKO A-200 EN
- 08:21 – TKMS MEKO A-300
- 09:50 – TKMS MEKO A-100 10:15 – TKMS Type 212CD
- 10:36 – TKMS Advanced Submarine Fuel Cell (ASFC) and Li-Ion battery for submarines
- 11:20 – Alseamar’s Seaexplorer glider with new ASW payload
K. S. Woo, Senior Vice President of marketing, Naval & Sepcial Ship Business Unit, introduced HHI as the #1 shipbuilder in the world. We then focused on two ongoing programs for the Philippine Navy:
- – HDP-2200 OPV
- – HDF-3100 Corvette
Hyundai Heavy Industries signed a contract with the Philippine Department of National Defense on June 27, 2022 for six new 2,400 ton Offshore Patrol Vessels (OPV). In December 2021, HHI announced it won an order to build two 3,200 ton class corvettes for the Philippine Navy.